There is always a conversation between architects that in which movies architecture profession has a major role. Whether the roles they play in the movies are similar to the reality of the profession or not, I’ think those architects who have watched some of these movies from the list below feel honored that their profession is one that deserves to be filmed and highlighted in ways that are not not just in architectural publications, but in the cinema world as well.
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She created a list of movies every architect have to watch during his/her architecture career. Some of these movies discuss one house, some discuss a street, a city in today or the past or the future, some talk about architects and their role in the society and some mention architectural trends like modern architecture, postmodern architecture.
Metropolis directed by Fritz Lang in 1927 is a distopia. The German movie which forms the basis of science fiction cinema is one of the most expensive silent films of its period. The movie describes a dystopic city consisting of three layers. First layer is known as workers without social rights who live with machines, the second one is the machines that manage workers and the third layes is ruling class who live more comfortable life above by using the other two layers. This dystopian city which is quite different and futuristic compared to its period plays a major role in shaping the social structure. The movie has an important place in the history of cinema with the cinema techniques used. The decor, directing and acting achievements used are the factors that have strengthened this place.
The Fountainhead is an American film based on the novel by Ayn Rand. The movie directed by King Vidor in 1949 and its scenario was again written by Ayn Rand. The main character in the movie is an architect and the director tried his best to shows the place of the architects in society. The movie has many scenes of modern architecture. Ayn Rand was influenced by the architect Frank Lloyd Wright when he was creating the character Roark. Frank Lloyd Wright was well-known for his buildings such as the Waterfall House (1936) and the Johnson Wax apartment (1936-39).
Mon Oncle (1958)
Mon Oncle, a critique of modernism was a French-Italian co-production comedy directed by Jacques Tati in 1958. Tati was playing for the second time a special character, Monsieur Hulot, who became synonymous with this satirical comedy. In movie, Tati makes comparisons between new suburbs and attractive old buildings and the contradiction between the lifestyle created by traditional values and the complexity of the consumer society. Tati criticizes the American way of life that started in France after the Second World War and the destruction of traditional architecture and the replacement of cold modern buildings and changing the way of life. The effect of modernism on society, family and individual is the main theme of the film.
Playtime directed by French director Jacques Tati in 1967, deals with the destruction of traditional architecture as well as ultra-modern buildings, the artificial urbanization, and the business world that has entered a mechanical order, as in the previous films of the director. In his movie, Tati examines Western civilization’s fondness for consumption objects, American consumption concept, the stressful atmosphere of modern society, the superficial relations between various classes of French society, the cold and useless face of space age technology. Monsieur Hulot who one of the most known characters in the history of cinema with his coat, umbrella and pipe played by Tati is lead role in the movie. Monsieur Hulot stiffly resists chaotic urban change and reveals his reaction with the anarchy that has arisen as usual by his clumsiness.
Blade Runner (1982)
Blade Runner is a US-made science fiction film directed in 1982 by Ridley Scott. Blade Runner, in a period far from the year in which it was taken, was in 2019 in Los Angeles at a time when the world became a dystopian habitat. Los Angeles is shown as a tumbledown city in the film. Giant manufacturers such as Tyrell produce the same robots as Replicant, which are externally seen as human beings. These robots, which are used to solve the dangerous and illegal works of extraterrestrial colonies, are captured by special police officers named Blade Runners. In the film started with a reflection in the eye of a replicant facing the city, if don’t count the gigantic pyramids away, a ruined industrial city is presented. Old buildings and objects are not replaced by the products of new technology, everything new is built on the old so actually everything has accumulated. This design decision makes the city more realistic than any other prediction ever made. The Spinners that are similar to flying cars, pioneered the formation of a city living on different levels, breaking the relationship of the upper levels of the city with the street. Tyrell, who owns the company that produces replicants, is gold-colored; he lives in his Gothic house on top of a gigantic pyramid symbolizing power. The film’s lead actor, Blade Runner Deckard, lives in a very modest apartment. This space with its flat ceiling and walls covered with concrete tiles with relief patterns is the home of Frank Lloyd Wright’s, Enniston-Brovvn House in the 1920s. The film that is one of the masterpieces of Ridley Scott who the master of the sci-fi genre is considered one of the most important examples of science fiction in addition to being one of the precursors of the dystopic film genre.
The Belly of an Architect (1987)
The Belly of an Architect was written and directed by Peter Greenaway in 1987. The movie discuss with events that began with the arrival of an American architect in Italy. The American architect Stourley Kracklite will supervise an exhibition in the 18th century French architect Etienne-Louis Boullée in Rome, where he came with his young wife Louisa. This movie which is woven with solid symmetrical images, takes the subject from a very unusual object: the belly that is the patient’s belly and the pregnant wife’s. In the film, these round forms refer to global structures designed by Boullée, who have failed to realize most of their imaginary projects.
Inception is a US film of science fiction written and directed by Christopher Nolan. In the film, Christopher Nolan does not just make architecture a central theme; the whole story develops depending on the ability of architects to design buildings, neighborhoods and cities in other people’s dreams. Dom Cobb is a talented thief and his mission is to steal the most precious secrets by descending into the subconscious depths while he is dreaming at the most vulnerable moment of the mind. When Cobb says, “Always dream of new spaces” to the young architect Ariadne, Cobb offers us the reason to look at the invented worlds with curiosity. In the same scene, Ariadne’s tense subconscious makes some of Paris frantically folding on itself. From this point onwards, architectural sets are becoming increasingly familiar.
Blade Runner 2049 (2017)
Blade Runner 2049, US-made science fiction movie directed by Denis Villeneuve and written by Hampton Fancher and Michael Green in 2017. The Blade Runner 2049 universe which takes place in a post-apocalyptic atmosphere and carries a dystopian narrative was designed inspired by a brutalist architecture. Brutalism is one of the most striking architectural trends of the 20th century.
Also there are some other movies that we would like add to this list:
Rear Window by Alfred Hitchcock (1954)
Le Mepris by Jean-Luc Godard (1963)
A Space Odyssey by Stanley Kubrick (1968)
Brazil by Terry Gilliam (1985)
Gattaca by Andrew Niccol (1997)
My Architect by Nathaniel Kahn (2004)
The Great Beauty by Paolo Sorrentino (2013)
Oblivion by Joseph Kosinski (2013)
Her by Spike Jonze (2013)
Grand Budapest Hotel by Wes Anderson (2014)
Tomorrowlans by Brad Bird (2015)
Skyscraper by Rawson Marshall Thurber (2018)
Black Panther by Ryan Coogler (2018)