Data Structure(d) Design – Studio Federico Borello

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© Courtesy of ENCODE – Design & Technology

Introduction of the workshop:

The workshop aims to provide participants with comprehensive knowledge and practical skills in designing efficient geometries while leveraging data and visualization techniques to gain insights into the structural performance of their designs. Participants will learn the fundamentals of parametric design, structural analysis, and optimization techniques, enabling them to create structure-aware and visually appealing architectural and engineering designs.


  • Introduce participants to the principles of parametric design, structural efficiency, and data visualization in the context of architectural and engineering projects.
  • Familiarize participants with Karamba3d and its capabilities for structural analysis, optimization, and performance-driven design.
  • Develop participants’ skills in Rhino/Grasshopper3d to analyze, optimize, and visualize parametric designs.
  • Demonstrate real-world case studies and examples that showcase the integration of parametric design, structural efficiency, and data visualization.
  • Experiment, research, and document through iterative hands-on exercises.
  • Incentivize collaboration and knowledge transfer among participants through conversations and design feedback.


  • Introduction to parametric design and structural design principles in architectural and engineering projects.
  • Overview of the Grasshopper3d plugins Karamba3d and eleFront for structural analysis, optimization, and data embedding.
  • Parametric modeling strategies for generating structurally efficient geometries.
  • Integrating real-time data visualization techniques into the design process to communicate structural performance and design analytics.
    The workshop will be conducted as a combination of presentations, tutorials, and hands-on exercises. Participants will have the opportunity to apply the concepts learned through practical design exercises. Participants will also have opportunities for Q&A sessions, discussions, and design critiques to enhance their understanding and receive feedback.


Day 1: September 16th

  • 0.5h Introduction
  • 1h Lecture (Towards Construction Aware Design)
  • 2h Tutorial (definition of a structural model, Large Deformation Analysis, Cross Section Optimisation, data transfer.
  • 0.5h Share Template for research and documentation.

Day 2: September 17th

  • 0.5h Lecture
  • 2h Tutorial (data read and visualization, elements unroll)
  • 1.5h Design Assist and Review
© Courtesy of ENCODE – Design & Technology

Knowledge Requirements:

No prior knowledge of any software is required for this course. General knowledge of Rhino3D & Grasshopper3D is highly recommended


Important Notes:

  • The “Data Structure(d) Design” Studio workshop by PAACADEMY will start on Saturday, September 16th, at 12:00 (GMT).
  • Total sessions: 2 Sessions
  • The teaching duration per session will be around 4 hours.
  • Students will have time for a break between teaching hours.
  • Each session and the entire studio will be recorded, and videos will be available for participants just a day after the class for unlimited time.
  • PAACADEMY will provide a certificate of attendance.
  • The studio has limited seats. Tickets are non-transferable & non-refundable. Please read carefully before you register.
Data Structure(d) Design - Studio federico Borello - Works
© ENCODE, Tumbalong Green Stage Upgrade


Federico Borello

Federico Borello is a registered Architect (OAT and ARB), currently based in London. He is the co-founder and Director of ENCODE – Design & Technology, a consultancy practice for Architects, Engineers, Manufacturers, and Contractors to develop and deliver innovative projects from early design stages to construction, leveraging state-of-the-art virtual construction technologies and DfMA processes.

Federico worked for over four years in London as Senior Architect at Zaha Hadid Architects in the CODE group (Computation and Design), with a core focus on digital fabrication and structure-aware geometries, robotic-assisted manufacturing, and 3D printing. He also worked in Italy with Cesare Griffa Architects, Camerana & Partners, and Gufram. Federico is also a Lecturer at UCL Bartlett BPro in London and has taught numerous courses and conferences, including AADRL (London), Bartlett BPro (London), Tonji University (Shanghai), CITA (Copenhagen), ACADIA (Austin).

He has a Master’s degree with Honors from the Polytechnic of Turin and an MArch degree from the Architectural Association Design Research Laboratory (DRL) in London. He has also been a Visiting Scholar at the Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute (NY) and has participated in multiple international workshops, including AA Visiting School in Rome and London.

© Courtesy of ENCODE – Design & Technology
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